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Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) enhancement in the cirrhotic liver: a comparison of two doses of ferumoxides in patients with advanced disease.

Arnold, P., Ward, J., Wilson, D., Guthrie, J. and Robinson, P.J. (2003) Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) enhancement in the cirrhotic liver: a comparison of two doses of ferumoxides in patients with advanced disease. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 21 (7). pp. 695-700. ISSN 0730-725X

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to establish whether enhancement of the liver by the MRI contrast agent ferumoxides could be effectively achieved at a reduced dose of 7.5 micromol/kg in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis. Forty-two liver transplant candidates with end-stage cirrhosis underwent SPIO-enhanced MRI at 1.5T, using either 15 micromol/kg or 7.5 micromol/kg ferumoxides. The lower dose of ferumoxides was also used in 21 non-cirrhotic patients with colorectal liver metastases who acted as a control group. The percentage signal intensity loss (PSIL) after SPIO was measured in all patients, and in those patients with tumours the post-SPIO contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was measured. The median PSIL after SPIO in the high dose cirrhotic (HDLC), low dose non-cirrhotic (LDNC) and low dose cirrhotic (LDLC) patients was 86.3%, 74.6%, and 64.2% respectively. These differences were significant using the Mann-Whitney U test. Tumours were found in 8 patients in the high dose cirrhotic group, 9 in the low dose cirrhotic group, and all 21 of the control group. No significant differences were found between the CNR values after SPIO in the 3 groups (median values HDLC 15.1, LDNC 23.7, LDLC 19.5). In patients with late-stage cirrhosis the PSIL after SPIO was significantly less at 7.5 micromol/kg than at 15 micromol/kg, but both doses produced a substantial loss of signal. Lesion to liver CNR was not adversely affected by using the lower dose, so when imaging at 1.5T the authors would recommend using 7.5 micromol/kg in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2003 Elsevier.
Keywords: Liver neoplasms; Cirrhosis; Contrast agents; Iron; MRI.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > School of Healthcare (Leeds) > Imaging Science (Leeds)
Depositing User: Paul M Arnold
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2006
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2010 14:14
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0730-725X(03)00101-2
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0730-725X(03)00101-2
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1638

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