Ruddle, R.A., Savage, J.C.D. and Jones, D.M. (2003) Levels of control during a collaborative carrying task. Presence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments, 12 (2). pp. 140-155. ISSN 1054-7460Full text available as:
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
Three experiments investigated the effect of implementing low-level aspects of motor control for a collaborative carrying task within a VE interface, leaving participants free to devote their cognitive resources to the higher-level components of the task. In the task, participants collaborated with an autonomous virtual human in an immersive virtual environment (VE) to carry an object along a predefined path. In experiment 1, participants took up to three times longer to perform the task with a conventional VE interface, in which they had to explicitly coordinate their hand and body movements, than with an interface that controlled the low-level tasks of grasping and holding onto the virtual object.
Experiments 2 and 3 extended the study to include the task of carrying an object along a path that contained obstacles to movement. By allowing participants' virtual arms to stretch slightly, the interface software was able to take over some aspects of obstacle avoidance (another low-level task), and this led to further significant reductions in the time that participants took to perform the carrying task. Improvements in performance also occurred when participants used a tethered viewpoint to control their movements because they could see their immediate surroundings in the VEs. This latter finding demonstrates the superiority of a tethered view perspective to a conventional, human'seye perspective for this type of task.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2003 The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Computing (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Repository Assistant|
|Date Deposited:||29 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||05 Jun 2014 21:21|
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