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Readiness to use physical activity as a smoking cessation aid: a multiple behaviour change application of the Transtheoretical Model among quitters attending Stop Smoking Clinics

Everson-Hock, Emma S, Taylor, Adrian H and Ussher, Michael (2010) Readiness to use physical activity as a smoking cessation aid: a multiple behaviour change application of the Transtheoretical Model among quitters attending Stop Smoking Clinics. Patient Education and Counseling, 79 (2). pp. 156-159. ISSN 0738-3991

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Abstract

Objective: Physical activity (PA) reduces cigarette cravings during smoking abstinence. However, little is known about quitters’ use of PA. This study aimed to: (1) determine the extent of quitters’ past and current use of PA as a cessation aid, while attempting to quit; (2) examine the relationship between use of PA and quitter characteristics and cognitions, within the Transtheoretical Model framework.

Methods: Self-report surveys were completed by 181 smokers attending Stop Smoking Services in England and Scotland.

Results: Twenty-two percent of quitters reported currently using PA to control their smoking, and 35% had used it during a previous quit attempt. Those in a more advanced stage of readiness for using PA as a cessation aid, held more positive beliefs regarding self-efficacy and outcome efficacy.

Conclusion: Quitters were more likely to use PA to help them quit when they had greater belief in their own ability to use PA and in the efficacy of PA to help them to quit, and were also meeting weekly PA targets for health.

Practice implications: Strategies by stop smoking advisors that aim to enhance client self-efficacy and outcome efficacy beliefs regarding PA as a cessation aid may help to increase the use of this behavioural strategy, since it seems that most quitters do not use PA.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2010 Elsevier. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Patient Education and Counseling. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: exercise, beliefs, self-efficacy, outcome efficacy, outcome expectancy, stage of change, motivation
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Health and Related Research (Sheffield) > Section of Public Health (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Dr Emma S Everson-Hock
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2010 09:42
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:00
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2009.09.016
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.09.016
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/11058

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