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A preliminary review of the existing literature investigating ethnic and gender differences in early childhood development

Scope, A. and Hartnell, S. (2009) A preliminary review of the existing literature investigating ethnic and gender differences in early childhood development. Discussion Paper. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

There exist well documented inequalities in earnings by gender, race and ethnicity. Those disadvantaged groups are usually referred to together as minorities, where the majority is usually "White-male". Empirical research often attributes the lower earnings of minorities to their lower human capital endowments. One view is that minorities choose to invest less in human capital due to expected labour market discrimination. An alternative view is that lower human capital acquisition among the minorities could be determined by pre-labour market factors, such as their adverse socio-economic status. However, the age at which these ability gaps set in is not clear: one could argue that trajectory of these inequalities is established early on in childhood, and just gets accentuated by the adverse socio-economic status.

This paper reports on the findings of a preliminary review of the existing literature investigating ethnic and gender differences in early childhood development.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Keywords: Childhood development; gender differences; ethnicity
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Health and Related Research (Sheffield) > Health Economics and Decision Science > HEDS Discussion Paper Series
Depositing User: ScHARR / HEDS (Sheffield)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2010 14:57
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2014 11:25
Status: Unpublished
Identification Number: HEDS Discussion Paper 09/03
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10891

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