Goodman, R. L., Webb, T. L. and Stewart, A. J. (2009) Communicating stereotype-relevant information: is factual information subject to the same communication biases as fictional information? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35 (7). p. 836. ISSN 0146-1672Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Factual information is more frequently read and discussed than fictional information. However, research on the role of communication in shaping stereotypes has focused almost exclusively on fictional narratives. In Experiments 1 and 2 a newspaper article containing information about heroin users was communicated along chains of 4 people. No stereotype-consistency bias was observed. Instead, a greater proportion of stereotype-inconsistent information was communicated than was stereotype-consistent or -neutral information. Three further experiments investigated explanations for the difference between the communication of fictional and factual information. Experiment 3 ruled out the possibility that participants' beliefs about the validity of the information could influence the way that it is communicated. Experiments 4 and 5 divided information into concrete (a specific event or fact) or abstract (opinion). A stereotype-consistency bias emerged only for abstract information. In summary, linguistic abstraction moderates whether stereotype-consistency biases emerge in the communication of stereotype-relevant factual information.
|Keywords:||stereotypes; communication; newspaper articles; linguistic expectancy bias; linguistic abstraction|
|Institution:||The University of Sheffield|
|Academic Units:||The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Department of Psychology (Sheffield)|
|Depositing User:||Miss Anthea Tucker|
|Date Deposited:||30 Apr 2010 08:52|
|Last Modified:||30 Apr 2010 08:52|