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Estimating the expected value of partial perfect information: a review of methods

Coyle, D. and Oakley, J. (2008) Estimating the expected value of partial perfect information: a review of methods. European Journal of Health Economics, 9 (3). pp. 251-259. ISSN 1618-7598

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Abstract

Background Value of information analysis provides a framework for the analysis of uncertainty within economic analysis by focussing on the value of obtaining further information to reduce uncertainty. The mathematical definition of the expected value of perfect information (EVPI) is fixed, though there are different methods in the literature for its estimation. In this paper these methods are explored and compared.

Methods Analysis was conducted using a disease model for Parkinson’s disease. Five methods for estimating partial EVPIs (EVPPIs) were used: a single Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) method, the unit normal loss integral (UNLI) method, a two-stage method using MCS, a two-stage method using MCS and quadrature and a difference method requiring two MCS. EVPPI was estimated for each individual parameter in the model as well as for three groups of parameters (transition probabilities, costs and utilities). Results Using 5,000 replications, four methods returned similar results for EVPPIs. With 5 million replications, results were near identical. However, the difference method repeatedly gave estimates substantially different to the other methods.

Conclusions The difference method is not rooted in the mathematical definition of EVPI and is clearly an inappropriate method for estimating EVPPI. The single MCS and UNLI methods were the least complex methods to use, but are restricted in their appropriateness. The two-stage MCS and quadrature-based methods are complex and time consuming. Thus, where appropriate, EVPPI should be estimated using either the single MCS or UNLI method. However, where neither of these methods is appropriate, either of the two-stage MCS and quadrature methods should be used.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Economic evaluation; Value of information; Uncertainty
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Mathematics and Statistics (Sheffield)
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Depositing User: Mrs Megan Hobbs
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010 14:08
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2010 11:09
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-007-0069-y
Status: Published
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Identification Number: 10.1007/s10198-007-0069-y
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10617

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