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Time perspective, depression, and substance misuse among the homeless

Pluck, G., Lee, K.H., Lauder, H.E., Fox, J.M., Spence, S.A. and Parks, R.W. (2008) Time perspective, depression, and substance misuse among the homeless. Journal of Psychology, 142 (2). pp. 159-168. ISSN 0022-3980


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Using the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI; P. G. Zimbardo & J. N. Boyd, 1999), the authors found that homeless people, in comparison with a control group, had a significantly more negative outlook concerning their past and present as evinced by high Past-Negative and Present-Fatalistic scores and low Past-Positive scores on the ZTPI. However, the homeless individuals were almost indistinguishable from control participants on measures of Present-Hedonism and Future thinking. The homeless individuals had significantly higher levels of depression, with 31 out of 50 (62%) reaching criteria for probable depression. However, this finding was unrelated to their atypical time perspective. There was no significant relation between substance misuse and time perspective. Despite their current difficulties, including depression and drug abuse, the homeless individuals maintained a propensity toward future thinking characterized by striving to achieve their goals..

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2008 Taylor and Francis. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Journal of Psychology. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: Time perspective, homeless, personality, IQ, substance misuse
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Medicine (Sheffield) > Division of Genomic Medicine (Sheffield) > Department of Psychiatry (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Dr Graham Pluck
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2012 09:32
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:39
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.142.2.159-168
Status: Published
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.3200/JRLP.142.2.159-168
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10335

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